Anatomy and Physiology for Beginners

Studying the human body can be really interesting if you look at it as a beautiful story. Understanding the structure and the mechanism and remembering everything is a difficult task if you don’t enjoy studying it, but if you see it as an unfolding story, then this fascination will make sure you don’t get bored!

So What is Anatomy and Physiology?

Learning the structure and the relationship between the different body parts is what we call learning Anatomy. Physiology is all about understanding the function of the body and the body as one system. We can specialize in different areas as well. But Anatomy and Physiology together cover the understanding of the whole body.

The 13 Systems You’ll Be Studying

Medicine is a huge field, but anatomy and physiology broadly break down into 13 modules. If you’re new to med school, chances are you’ll first receive a brief introduction to each topic before you dive in deeper.

Some systems that you will study are.,

  1. Circulatory System
  2. Respiratory System
  3. Urinary system
  4. Hematologic system m
  5. Immunologic System
  6. Gastrointestinal system
  7. Nervous system
  8. Muscular system
  9. Skeletal systems
  10. Integumentary systems
  11. Lymphatic systems
  12. Reproductive system
  13. Anatomic Terminology

From Molecules All the Way Up

You’ve discovered the 13 disciplines above. In addition to them, you’ll also be learning about the five stages that the body performed, which goes from the basic molecular level all the way up to your largest organs working in tandem. Lets look at them one by way:

Chemical stages – learning from the stage where it’s about combinations of molecules or atoms. This is where one will dig deep in to the subject and understand the basis of each system in molecular point of view.

Cell Stages – Then for each system, cells arrangement will be identified. How cells are specialized for different functions in different systems.

Tissue Stage – Cells combine together and make tissues. This part one will learn about the types of tissues in the body and how it will change from system to system.

Organ stage – The cells get organized and make units which will enable to do a particular activity in the body.

System stage – two or more organs will together and accomplish a specific task. For example the digestive system requires many organs to perform the required task every single day!

The Body Is Like a Flow Chart

When you look at it, it’s like a flow chart. Each and every system has this flow. If we take nervous system, what will we be learning? We will learn the atomic nature of the body first. Then we will understand about one neuron cell and the characteristics. Next we will understand how the neurons get together and make the neuron system in the body. Then we will learn how it functions. Then we will learn how the ideal function get deviated due to various reasons. Finally, we will learn deviations and prevention for deviations. At the same time, you know how your body anatomy is structured as well.

Having a sound knowledge about Anatomy and Physiology will enable to understand your whole body in a holistic manner. But it is tiresome to memorize and remember all this information. One need to study continuously and keep memorizing the subject matter every day to become an expert. Looking at the body like a fascinating story will help you stay motivated, and keep studying even when it gets hard.

How to Study Anatomy?

Anatomy can be one of the hardest subjects for a medical student. There are 206 bones in the body, hundreds of muscles attached to these bones with thousands of blood vessels and nerves supplying them continuously. It can be extremely tough to memorize all their paths, locations, functions and then on top of that even their constituting cells. Memorizing the huge stack of notes is just impossible, which is why every medical student dreads this subject, however, if you associate the knowledge, things start to look better. Ultimately, you will realize that anatomy is an interconnected web of knowledge, once you start to make connections, things become easier to remember. This is just the way our brain works. There are specific ways of studying that you can use in order to facilitate fast learning. Here we describe three methods that will help you memorize anatomy fast!

Visual aids

Our brain has 3 modes of input, sight, touch, hear. Once you stimulate all of them, you have three different modes in which the information was stored and hence, it is easier to remember. This is why, it good to learn but hearing the lecture by your teacher, however, writing these notes down and memorizing them transfer your information into the long-term memory. Now, add to this the information that you saw while you dissected, while you saw the pictures, the models and so on. This will make your knowledge full proof making it hard to forget.


Try to learn a specific topic by studying all relevant information about it. For example, if you study the gross anatomy of the brain, try and learn its histology, and its major pathologies also. This will help you make an association which makes you remember things faster and more efficiently.

Medical terminology quizzes

The best step in fortifying your memory is by recalling it. A quiz is a perfect way to do so and with so many terminologies, it helps you to remember most of them. Anatomy is filled with similar sounding words that can sound almost alike and yet mean completely different. This is why it is best to test yourself repeatedly, and there is nothing better than a medical terminology quiz for that task.

too much? studying medicine can be easier


The final way to fortify your anatomy knowledge after you are done with the medical terminology quiz is to teach the topic. Once you sit down and explain the concept to another person, it helps you to remember all the things in order, which will further fortify your knowledge. Repeatedly revising the information yourself and by teaching it to others, you can enhance your anatomy and gain the confidence of what you have learned.

These tips for studying anatomy are sure to help you out from all that gloom. Anatomy can be hard to study, but it isn’t impossible. Plus, it is the basis of what you are going to study in the years to come. Unless you have a profound knowledge of the basic structures and their composition, how in the world will you learn about the defects? Hence, using your time efficiently, going through medical terminology quiz, repeated revisions and practice are all important to get through this subject. It’s demanding, yes, but not impossible.

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