Anatomy and Physiology for Beginners

Studying the human body can be really interesting if you look at it as a beautiful story. Understanding the structure and the mechanism and remembering everything is a difficult task if you don’t enjoy studying it, but if you see it as an unfolding story, then this fascination will make sure you don’t get bored!

So What is Anatomy and Physiology?

Learning the structure and the relationship between the different body parts is what we call learning Anatomy. Physiology is all about understanding the function of the body and the body as one system. We can specialize in different areas as well. But Anatomy and Physiology together cover the understanding of the whole body.

The 13 Systems You’ll Be Studying

Medicine is a huge field, but anatomy and physiology broadly break down into 13 modules. If you’re new to med school, chances are you’ll first receive a brief introduction to each topic before you dive in deeper.

Some systems that you will study are.,

  1. Circulatory System
  2. Respiratory System
  3. Urinary system
  4. Hematologic system m
  5. Immunologic System
  6. Gastrointestinal system
  7. Nervous system
  8. Muscular system
  9. Skeletal systems
  10. Integumentary systems
  11. Lymphatic systems
  12. Reproductive system
  13. Anatomic Terminology

From Molecules All the Way Up

You’ve discovered the 13 disciplines above. In addition to them, you’ll also be learning about the five stages that the body performed, which goes from the basic molecular level all the way up to your largest organs working in tandem. Lets look at them one by way:

Chemical stages – learning from the stage where it’s about combinations of molecules or atoms. This is where one will dig deep in to the subject and understand the basis of each system in molecular point of view.

Cell Stages – Then for each system, cells arrangement will be identified. How cells are specialized for different functions in different systems.

Tissue Stage – Cells combine together and make tissues. This part one will learn about the types of tissues in the body and how it will change from system to system.

Organ stage – The cells get organized and make units which will enable to do a particular activity in the body.

System stage – two or more organs will together and accomplish a specific task. For example the digestive system requires many organs to perform the required task every single day!

The Body Is Like a Flow Chart

When you look at it, it’s like a flow chart. Each and every system has this flow. If we take nervous system, what will we be learning? We will learn the atomic nature of the body first. Then we will understand about one neuron cell and the characteristics. Next we will understand how the neurons get together and make the neuron system in the body. Then we will learn how it functions. Then we will learn how the ideal function get deviated due to various reasons. Finally, we will learn deviations and prevention for deviations. At the same time, you know how your body anatomy is structured as well.

Having a sound knowledge about Anatomy and Physiology will enable to understand your whole body in a holistic manner. But it is tiresome to memorize and remember all this information. One need to study continuously and keep memorizing the subject matter every day to become an expert. Looking at the body like a fascinating story will help you stay motivated, and keep studying even when it gets hard.

How to Study Physiology?

Physiology is an extremely interesting subject if you set your mind to it. However, at the same time, it can be intimidating for those of you who don’t know the right way to process it. Physiology contains uncountable processes of the body with precisely detailed steps that hold major clinical significance, what’s more, unless you figure out the natural processes, learning the complex abnormalities will be harder than you can imagine. However, if you implement the two together, learning a topic and then learning about its abnormalities will fortify one another and help you remember the subject better. Here are some tips that you can use to learn physiology fast and effectively.


A great way to remember concepts and processes is by forcing your brain to recall them again and again. Most tests are based on critical thinking and unless you learn to correlate the critical points, the chances of getting a good grade are obsolete. Try to link in the pathology of the subject you are studying and then integrate them into flashcards. It may be tough to do so at first, but it will create a cycle of recalling and reinforcement which will solidify your knowledge.

Quizzes and question banks

No subject is complete unless you assess yourself. You may know everything when you open the book, however, there can be big gaps in your knowledge with the book closed. The only way to overcome this is by taking frequent quizzes and questionnaires. Half of physiology is about learning what new names mean and the remaining half is about learning what they do. A Medical terminology quiz is one of e fastest way of learning these complex words by heart for the long run.

Apply your knowledge

Learning something isn’t enough unless you apply it. This creates a whole new web in your brain that connects your learned knowledge with practical implementation. Teaching others, taking tests, solving clinical scenarios are all ways that you can implement knowledge and make it last. Plus, as most questions are critical based learning, solidifying knowledge in this manner will make solving these questions considerably easy.

too much? studying medicine can be easier

Correlate with Pathology

The best way to get the normal processes in mind is by integrating them with abnormal physiology. This will help you to link the two together and remember it forever. We often forget the normal events, however, if we link the problematic states with these situations, they get etched in our brain. Similarly, physiology works in the same way and you can use the same concept to learn it as well.

These tips and methods of learning physiology are sure to help you extract important information from the subject. You need to realize the fact that reading the book will not be enough. You will have to extract the information, implement it in solving questionnaires and medical terminology quiz. This will help you grasp the information better so that you can solve any type of test with ease.

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